The Unintended Consequences of Technology
Chris Ategeka. The Unintended Consequences of Technology
Table of Contents
THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF TECHNOLOGY. SOLUTIONS, BREAKTHROUGHS, AND THE RESTART WE NEED
THE BOOK'S GOALS
WHAT THIS BOOK COVERS
CHAPTER 1 Capitalism: The Cult of Self-Sufficiency
A QUICK HISTORY OF CAPITALISM
WHERE WE ARE NOW
ADVANTAGES OF CAPITALISM
Economic Freedom Helps Political Freedom
THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF CAPITALISM IN THE TECHNOLOGY SECTOR
Inherited Wealth and Wealth Inequality
Boom and Bust Cycles
HOW TO MITIGATE UCOTS AND REIMAGINE CAPITALISM
Capitalism versus Carbon Emission Regulations
Stakeholder Capitalism versus Shareholders
Preventing the Negative UCOTs
THE FUTURE OF CAPITALISM
CHAPTER 2 Tech-States: Are Nation-States Obsolete?
A QUICK LOOK AT THE NATION-STATE
A QUICK LOOK AT A TECH-STATE
ADVANTAGES OF THE TECH-STATE
THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF A TECH-STATE
Proportionality of the Userbase versus Country's Population Size
Opaque Employee Mistreatment
Money and Power in Politics
The Exponential Nature of Tech
How to Mitigate the UCOTs of Tech-State Companies
CHAPTER 3 Data: What Is the Data Industrial Complex?
THE HISTORY OF DATA
THE WORLD OF BIG DATA
POSITIVE USE CASES FOR BIG DATA
Fraud and Compliance
Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning
UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF BIG DATA
Overfitting or Underfitting
The Presence of Confounding Variables
Data Privacy and Security
Political Manipulation and Social Harm
Targeting Based on Vulnerability
HOW TO MITIGATE UCOTS OF BIG DATA
Action Against Bias
Action on Big Data Quality
Action on Big Data Security
Action on Manipulation and Targeting Based on Vulnerability
RESETTING BIG DATA
On a Systems Level
On an Individual Level
CHAPTER 4 Artificial Intelligence Will Humans Soon Be Irrelevant?
WHAT IS AI?
WHY SHOULD YOU CARE ABOUT AI?
A QUICK HISTORY OF AI
POSITIVE USE CASES FOR AI
THE NEGATIVE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF AI
Dangerous Content and Products
Spreading Disinformation, Untruths, and Misinformation
Mind Control: Using Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs)
What's Being Done to Address UCOTs in AI?
Actions Against AI Recruitment Issues
Fighting Fire with Fire
THE FUTURE OF AI
CHAPTER 5 Blockchain: Can Trust Be Decentralized?
HOW DOES BLOCKCHAIN WORK?
WHY SHOULD YOU CARE ABOUT BLOCKCHAIN?
BLOCKCHAIN USE CASES
THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF BLOCKCHAIN
The Silk Road Effect
High Energy Consumption
Loss of Private Keys
An Even More Permanent Internet (Immutability)
WHAT'S BEING DONE TO ADDRESS THESE UCOTS?
Solutions to Private Key Issues
Solutions to 51% Attack Issues
Solutions to Energy Inefficiency Issues
Solutions to Security and Criminal Activity Issues
THE FUTURE OF BLOCKCHAIN
CHAPTER 6 Conditioning: From Human to User to an Addicted “Drug” User?
A QUICK HISTORY OF MEDIA
ADVANTAGES OF MASS DIGITAL MEDIA
THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF MASS MEDIA
Addiction (Social Media Disorder)
Social Acceptance and Consumerism
Polarization: The Us versus Them Mentality
Cultifiction and Radicalization
Mental Health and Loneliness
HOW TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF MASS MEDIA
Action Against False Information
Action Against Addiction
Action Against Polarization
Action Against Cyberbullying and Suicide
BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION TECHNIQUES
Place Less Importance on Your Social Media Appearance
No Phone in the Bedroom
Turn Off Notifications
CHAPTER 7 Genomics: What Happens When Humans Play God?
HOW DOES GENE EDITING WORK?
A QUICK LOOK AT THE HISTORY OF GENE EDITING
POSITIVE USE CASES OF GENE EDITING
THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF GENE EDITING
Justice and Equity Concerns
Concerns Over Using Embryos
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF GENE EDITING
U.S. Domestic Regulatory Oversight and Policies
International Regulations and Policies
Restricting Funding for Germline Gene Editing
Action Against GMOs
Grass Roots Organizing and Working to Build Solutions
THE RESET ON GENE EDITING
CHAPTER 8 5G: Is This a New “Cold War” You’ve Never Heard Of?
A QUICK LOOK AT THE HISTORY OF 5G
POSITIVE USE CASES FOR 5G
Entertainment and Media
Smart Cities and Unlocking the Industrial Internet
Autonomous Vehicles: Unlocking Mobility
Healthcare: Unlocking Access
How the United States Lost Its Telecom Dominance
The Implications of a Country's 5G Dominance
THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF 5G
5G Technologies Leading to Consumption Increases
The Fear of a Subdivided Internet
Increased Energy Usage of the 5G Network
The Impact of 5G on Ecosystems
Network Security Concerns
HOW TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF 5G
Action Against Security Concerns
Action Against Environmental Concerns
Action on Health Concerns
THE RESET ON 5G
CHAPTER 9 Truth In the Era of Willful Ignorance: Is Trust Over?
THEORIES ON TRUTH
WHY DO PEOPLE TELL FALSEHOODS?
WHY POLITICAL LIES ARE ESPECIALLY DAMAGING
THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF EXPONENTIAL TECHNOLOGY ON TRUTH
Persona Copycat Falsehoods
Falsehoods Based on Real-World Events
Toxic Falsehoods Dangerous to Oneself
Falsehoods Detached from or Escaping Reality
The Area 51 Conspiracy
The Pizzagate Conspiracy
The QAnon Conspiracy
Selective Facts, Confirmation Bias, and Echo Chambers
Misinformation Turned Deadly
HOW TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF FALSEHOODS
The Role of the Government
The Role of Tech Companies
The Role of Educational Systems
The Role of the News Industry
The Role of Individuals
THE RESET ON TECHNOLOGY AND TRUTH
CHAPTER 10 Warfare: Is “Cyber” the New Gunpowder?
A QUICK HISTORY OF MODERN WARFARE
HOW DO BAD ACTORS GAIN ACCESS TO SYSTEMS?
THE INTENDED AND UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF CYBER WARFARE
Infrastructure Systems Attacks
Tracing and Identifying the Sources
Cyber Coupled with Democratization and Miniaturization of Drones
ACTIONS AGAINST CYBER WARFARE
UN and Global Cooperation
White Hat Hacker
Laws and Government Actions
Security Product Solutions
CHAPTER 11 Work: Why Do People Work?
WHY DO PEOPLE WORK?
A QUICK HISTORY OF WORK
WHERE WE STAND NOW
POSITIVE USE CASES OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE FUTURE OF WORK
THE UCOTS OF TECHNOLOGY ON WORK AND WORKERS
Working from Home
Safety and Security
Too Much Automation
The Human Search for Meaning
Monopoly Power on Automation Technologies
Automating Inequality/Wealth Inequality
College and Higher Education Changes
Romance Replaced by Machines
ACTIONS AGAINST THE UCOTS OF WORK
Universal Basic Income (UBI)
Social Safety Nets to Smooth the Impact of Automation
THE FUTURE OF WORK
CHAPTER 12 Climate: Are Humans the New “Weapons of Mass Destruction”?
WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE?
A QUICK HISTORY OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE MOVEMENT
THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE CLIMATE
HOW TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF TECHNOLOGY ON CLIMATE CHANGE
Improving Urban Systems
Accelerated Carbon Sequestration
AS A LEADER, WHAT CAN YOU DO ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE?
The Five Cures for Climate Change
Protect the Plankton
Stop Taking Fossil Fuels out of the Ground
Stop Clear-Cutting Forests
Plant More Variety of Trees in Larger Numbers
Stop Pumping CO2 into the Atmosphere
Take CO2 out of the Atmosphere
What Can You Do to Help?
CHAPTER 13 Ethics: Are Universal Ethical Principles Possible in Technology?
WHAT ARE ETHICS?
What Ethics Are Not
ETHICAL CHALLENGES OF TECHNOLOGY IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT
Ethics Are Subjective
Ethics Change Depending on One's Loyalties and Hierarchy of Values
Ethics Evolve Over Time
THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF UNETHICAL PRACTICES IN TECHNOLOGY
Loss of Life
ETHICAL CONCERNS RELATED TO TECHNOLOGY
Tech Surveillance as a Revenue Model
The Future of Ethical Technologies
CHAPTER 14 Restart: The Most Powerful Vote We Have: The Ballot, Money, or Attention?
VOTING WITH OUR ATTENTION
VOTING AT THE BALLOT BOX
VOTING BY SPENDING MONEY
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
WILEY END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT
Отрывок из книги
Dedicated to my parents, my siblings, my partner, Caroline, and my son, Matt.
Capitalism is based on the legal right to private property and the ability to pass on wealth to future generations. Capitalists argue that a capitalist society is fair because you gain the rewards of your hard work. But often people are rich simply because they inherit wealth or are born into a privileged class. Therefore, a capitalist society not only fails to create equality of outcome but also fails to provide equality of opportunity. Inequality creates social division. Societies that are highly unequal create resentment and social division. They do not last.
For example, in late 2013 we saw the rise of “tech bus protests” in the San Francisco Bay area, where unhappy community-based activists threw eggs and other objects at the shuttle buses used to transport employees of local giant tech companies. These protests became widely publicized. The tech buses were called “Google buses,” although that term is pars pro toto (part of the whole), in that many other tech companies such as Apple, Facebook, Yahoo, and Genentech also have private shuttle services. The buses were used to ferry only tech company employees from their homes in San Francisco and Oakland to corporate campuses in Silicon Valley, about 40 miles (64 km) south.