The Unintended Consequences of Technology

The Unintended Consequences of Technology
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Discover the technologies and trends that threaten humanity and our planet– and how we can rein them back in, together In The Unintended Consequences of Technology: Solutions, Breakthroughs and the Restart We Need , accomplished tech entrepreneur Chris Ategeka delivers an insightful and eye-opening exploration of the challenges and the opportunities at the intersection of technology, society and our planet. Detailing both positive and negative technology use cases that on one hand have made humanity better, but on the other hand pose a serious threat to individuals and groups across the world, the author demonstrates how to avoid allowing powerful technologies to overcome our better natures. In this book, you'll: Discover how the forces of capitalism, greed and the myths that surround meritocracy when combined with exponential technology pose an existential risk for humanity. Explore the many exponential technologies such as gene editing, 5G, behavior modification, cyberspace… that have lots of promise but also uncertainty. Consider the future of humanity we wish to collectively build, and whether we can rebuild a capacity for empathy at scale in our tech tools Perfect for founders, business leaders, executives, managers, Chief Technology Officers, and anyone else [i.e. all human beings] responsible for the use and proliferation of advanced technologies. The Unintended Consequences of Technology is a thought-provoking, must-read resource for those at the forefront of our new technological reality.

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Chris Ategeka. The Unintended Consequences of Technology

Table of Contents

Guide

Pages

THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF TECHNOLOGY. SOLUTIONS, BREAKTHROUGHS, AND THE RESTART WE NEED

INTRODUCTION

WHY ME?

THE BOOK'S GOALS

WHAT THIS BOOK COVERS

CHAPTER 1 Capitalism: The Cult of Self-Sufficiency

A QUICK HISTORY OF CAPITALISM

WHERE WE ARE NOW

ADVANTAGES OF CAPITALISM

Economic Freedom Helps Political Freedom

Efficiency

Innovation

Economic Growth

THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF CAPITALISM IN THE TECHNOLOGY SECTOR

Monopoly Power

Negative Externalities

Inherited Wealth and Wealth Inequality

Boom and Bust Cycles

HOW TO MITIGATE UCOTS AND REIMAGINE CAPITALISM

Capitalism versus Carbon Emission Regulations

Monopoly Power

Stakeholder Capitalism versus Shareholders

Preventing the Negative UCOTs

THE FUTURE OF CAPITALISM

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 2 Tech-States: Are Nation-States Obsolete?

A QUICK LOOK AT THE NATION-STATE

A QUICK LOOK AT A TECH-STATE

ADVANTAGES OF THE TECH-STATE

THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF A TECH-STATE

Proportionality of the Userbase versus Country's Population Size

Dehumanizing Customers

Opaque Employee Mistreatment

Money and Power in Politics

The Exponential Nature of Tech

Monopoly Power

How to Mitigate the UCOTs of Tech-State Companies

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 3 Data: What Is the Data Industrial Complex?

THE HISTORY OF DATA

THE WORLD OF BIG DATA

POSITIVE USE CASES FOR BIG DATA

Customer Experience

Product Development

Predictive Maintenance

Fraud and Compliance

Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning

Operational Efficiency

Drive Innovation

UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF BIG DATA

Bias

Confirmation Bias

Selection Bias

Outliers

Overfitting or Underfitting

The Presence of Confounding Variables

Data Privacy and Security

Political Manipulation and Social Harm

Targeting Based on Vulnerability

HOW TO MITIGATE UCOTS OF BIG DATA

Action Against Bias

Action on Big Data Quality

Action on Big Data Security

Action on Manipulation and Targeting Based on Vulnerability

RESETTING BIG DATA

On a Systems Level

On an Individual Level

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 4 Artificial Intelligence Will Humans Soon Be Irrelevant?

WHAT IS AI?

WHY SHOULD YOU CARE ABOUT AI?

A QUICK HISTORY OF AI

POSITIVE USE CASES FOR AI

THE NEGATIVE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF AI

Bias

Dangerous Content and Products

Deep Fakes

Spreading Disinformation, Untruths, and Misinformation

Phishing

Automating Inequality

Mind Control: Using Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs)

What's Being Done to Address UCOTs in AI?

Actions Against AI Recruitment Issues

Fighting Fire with Fire

THE FUTURE OF AI

Training Data

Better Regulation

Ethical Considerations

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 5 Blockchain: Can Trust Be Decentralized?

HOW DOES BLOCKCHAIN WORK?

WHY SHOULD YOU CARE ABOUT BLOCKCHAIN?

BLOCKCHAIN USE CASES

THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF BLOCKCHAIN

The Silk Road Effect

High Energy Consumption

51% Attacks

Loss of Private Keys

An Even More Permanent Internet (Immutability)

Storage Limitations

WHAT'S BEING DONE TO ADDRESS THESE UCOTS?

Solutions to Private Key Issues

Solutions to 51% Attack Issues

Solutions to Energy Inefficiency Issues

Solutions to Security and Criminal Activity Issues

THE FUTURE OF BLOCKCHAIN

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 6 Conditioning: From Human to User to an Addicted “Drug” User?

A QUICK HISTORY OF MEDIA

ADVANTAGES OF MASS DIGITAL MEDIA

THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF MASS MEDIA

Addiction (Social Media Disorder)

Cancel Culture

Social Acceptance and Consumerism

Cyberbullying

Polarization: The Us versus Them Mentality

Cultifiction and Radicalization

Mental Health and Loneliness

Suicide

HOW TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF MASS MEDIA

Action Against False Information

Action Against Addiction

Personal Action

Group Action

Institutional Action

Action Against Polarization

Algorithmic Recommendations

Social Solutions

Action Against Cyberbullying and Suicide

BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION TECHNIQUES

Digital Detox

Place Less Importance on Your Social Media Appearance

Analogue Alternatives

No Phone in the Bedroom

Turn Off Notifications

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 7 Genomics: What Happens When Humans Play God?

HOW DOES GENE EDITING WORK?

A QUICK LOOK AT THE HISTORY OF GENE EDITING

POSITIVE USE CASES OF GENE EDITING

THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF GENE EDITING

Justice and Equity Concerns

Safety Concerns

Rogue Army

Bioweaponry

Concerns Over Using Embryos

GMOs

WHAT HAS BEEN DONE TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF GENE EDITING

U.S. Domestic Regulatory Oversight and Policies

International Regulations and Policies

Restricting Funding for Germline Gene Editing

Action Against GMOs

Grass Roots Organizing and Working to Build Solutions

THE RESET ON GENE EDITING

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 8 5G: Is This a New “Cold War” You’ve Never Heard Of?

A QUICK LOOK AT THE HISTORY OF 5G

POSITIVE USE CASES FOR 5G

Entertainment and Media

Smart Cities and Unlocking the Industrial Internet

Autonomous Vehicles: Unlocking Mobility

Healthcare: Unlocking Access

Military Benefits

How the United States Lost Its Telecom Dominance

The Implications of a Country's 5G Dominance

THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF 5G

5G Technologies Leading to Consumption Increases

The Fear of a Subdivided Internet

Increased Energy Usage of the 5G Network

The Impact of 5G on Ecosystems

Network Security Concerns

Interference

HOW TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF 5G

Action Against Security Concerns

Action Against Environmental Concerns

Action on Health Concerns

THE RESET ON 5G

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 9 Truth In the Era of Willful Ignorance: Is Trust Over?

THEORIES ON TRUTH

WHY DO PEOPLE TELL FALSEHOODS?

WHY POLITICAL LIES ARE ESPECIALLY DAMAGING

THE UNINTENDED OR WILLFULLY IGNORED NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF EXPONENTIAL TECHNOLOGY ON TRUTH

Persona Copycat Falsehoods

Falsehoods Based on Real-World Events

Toxic Falsehoods Dangerous to Oneself

Falsehoods Detached from or Escaping Reality

The Area 51 Conspiracy

The Pizzagate Conspiracy

The QAnon Conspiracy

Selective Facts, Confirmation Bias, and Echo Chambers

Misinformation Turned Deadly

HOW TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF FALSEHOODS

The Role of the Government

The Role of Tech Companies

The Role of Educational Systems

The Role of the News Industry

The Role of Individuals

THE RESET ON TECHNOLOGY AND TRUTH

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 10 Warfare: Is “Cyber” the New Gunpowder?

A QUICK HISTORY OF MODERN WARFARE

HOW DO BAD ACTORS GAIN ACCESS TO SYSTEMS?

Malware

SQL Injection

Phishing

Man-in-the-Middle Attack

Denial-of-Service Attack

Dridex Malware

Romance Scams

Emotet Malware

THE INTENDED AND UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF CYBER WARFARE

Wasted Resources

Infrastructure Systems Attacks

Election Tampering

Tracing and Identifying the Sources

Cyber Coupled with Democratization and Miniaturization of Drones

ACTIONS AGAINST CYBER WARFARE

UN and Global Cooperation

White Hat Hacker

Laws and Government Actions

Security Product Solutions

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 11 Work: Why Do People Work?

WHY DO PEOPLE WORK?

A QUICK HISTORY OF WORK

WHERE WE STAND NOW

POSITIVE USE CASES OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE FUTURE OF WORK

THE UCOTS OF TECHNOLOGY ON WORK AND WORKERS

Working from Home

Safety and Security

Too Much Automation

Transportation

Law

Medicine

The Human Search for Meaning

Monopoly Power on Automation Technologies

Automating Inequality/Wealth Inequality

College and Higher Education Changes

Romance Replaced by Machines

ACTIONS AGAINST THE UCOTS OF WORK

Universal Basic Income (UBI)

Education

Social Safety Nets to Smooth the Impact of Automation

THE FUTURE OF WORK

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 12 Climate: Are Humans the New “Weapons of Mass Destruction”?

WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE?

A QUICK HISTORY OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE MOVEMENT

THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE CLIMATE

HOW TO MITIGATE THE UCOTS OF TECHNOLOGY ON CLIMATE CHANGE

Clean Energy

Electric Vehicles

Improving Urban Systems

Air Travel

Regenerative Agriculture

Accelerated Carbon Sequestration

AS A LEADER, WHAT CAN YOU DO ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE?

The Five Cures for Climate Change

Protect the Plankton

Stop Taking Fossil Fuels out of the Ground

Stop Clear-Cutting Forests

Plant More Variety of Trees in Larger Numbers

Stop Pumping CO2 into the Atmosphere

Take CO2 out of the Atmosphere

What Can You Do to Help?

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 13 Ethics: Are Universal Ethical Principles Possible in Technology?

WHAT ARE ETHICS?

What Ethics Are Not

ETHICAL CHALLENGES OF TECHNOLOGY IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT

Ethics Are Subjective

Ethics Change Depending on One's Loyalties and Hierarchy of Values

Ethics Evolve Over Time

THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF UNETHICAL PRACTICES IN TECHNOLOGY

Financial Cost

Loss of Life

ETHICAL CONCERNS RELATED TO TECHNOLOGY

Democratized Technology

Tech Surveillance as a Revenue Model

The Future of Ethical Technologies

REFERENCES

CHAPTER 14 Restart: The Most Powerful Vote We Have: The Ballot, Money, or Attention?

VOTING WITH OUR ATTENTION

VOTING AT THE BALLOT BOX

VOTING BY SPENDING MONEY

FINAL THOUGHTS

REFERENCES

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

INDEX

WILEY END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT

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CHRIS ATEGEKA

Dedicated to my parents, my siblings, my partner, Caroline, and my son, Matt.

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Capitalism is based on the legal right to private property and the ability to pass on wealth to future generations. Capitalists argue that a capitalist society is fair because you gain the rewards of your hard work. But often people are rich simply because they inherit wealth or are born into a privileged class. Therefore, a capitalist society not only fails to create equality of outcome but also fails to provide equality of opportunity. Inequality creates social division. Societies that are highly unequal create resentment and social division. They do not last.

For example, in late 2013 we saw the rise of “tech bus protests” in the San Francisco Bay area, where unhappy community-based activists threw eggs and other objects at the shuttle buses used to transport employees of local giant tech companies. These protests became widely publicized. The tech buses were called “Google buses,” although that term is pars pro toto (part of the whole), in that many other tech companies such as Apple, Facebook, Yahoo, and Genentech also have private shuttle services. The buses were used to ferry only tech company employees from their homes in San Francisco and Oakland to corporate campuses in Silicon Valley, about 40 miles (64 km) south.

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