A History of Chinese Literature

A History of Chinese Literature
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Оглавление

Giles Herbert Allen. A History of Chinese Literature

PREFACE

BOOK THE FIRST. THE FEUDAL PERIOD (B.C. 600-200)

CHAPTER I. LEGENDARY AGES – EARLY CHINESE CIVILISATION – ORIGIN OF WRITING

CHAPTER II. CONFUCIUS – THE FIVE CLASSICS

CHAPTER III. THE FOUR BOOKS – MENCIUS

CHAPTER IV. MISCELLANEOUS WRITERS

Chapter V. POETRY – INSCRIPTIONS

CHAPTER VI. TAOISM – THE “TAO-TÊ-CHING”

BOOK THE SECOND. THE HAN DYNASTY (B.C. 200 – A.D. 200)

CHAPTER I. THE “FIRST EMPEROR” – THE BURNING OF THE BOOKS – MISCELLANEOUS WRITERS

CHAPTER II. POETRY

CHAPTER III. HISTORY – LEXICOGRAPHY

CHAPTER IV. BUDDHISM

BOOK THE THIRD. MINOR DYNASTIES (A.D. 200-600)

CHAPTER I. POETRY – MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE

CHAPTER II. CLASSICAL SCHOLARSHIP

BOOK THE FOURTH. THE T’ANG DYNASTY (A.D. 600-900)

CHAPTER I. POETRY

CHAPTER II. CLASSICAL AND GENERAL LITERATURE

BOOK THE FIFTH. THE SUNG DYNASTY (A.D. 900-1200)

CHAPTER I. THE INVENTION OF BLOCK-PRINTING

CHAPTER II. HISTORY – CLASSICAL AND GENERAL LITERATURE

CHAPTER III. POETRY

CHAPTER IV. DICTIONARIES – ENCYCLOPÆDIAS – MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE

BOOK THE SIXTH. THE MONGOL DYNASTY (A.D. 1200-1368)

CHAPTER I. MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE – POETRY

CHAPTER II. THE DRAMA

CHAPTER III. THE NOVEL

BOOK THE SEVENTH. THE MING DYNASTY (A.D. 1368-1644)

CHAPTER I. MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE – MATERIA MEDICA – ENCYCLOPÆDIA OF AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER II. NOVELS AND PLAYS

CHAPTER III. POETRY

BOOK THE EIGHTH. THE MANCHU DYNASTY (A.D. 1644-1900)

CHAPTER I. THE “LIAO CHAI” – THE “HUNG LOU MÊNG”

CHAPTER II. THE EMPERORS K’ANG HSI AND CH’IEN LUNG

CHAPTER III. CLASSICAL AND MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE – POETRY

CHAPTER IV. WALL LITERATURE – JOURNALISM – WIT AND HUMOUR – PROVERBS AND MAXIMS

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Отрывок из книги

The date of the beginning of all things has been nicely calculated by Chinese chronologers. There was first of all a period when Nothing existed, though some enthusiasts have attempted to deal with a period antecedent even to that. Gradually Nothing took upon itself the form and limitations of Unity, represented by a point at the centre of a circle. Thus there was a Great Monad, a First Cause, an Aura, a Zeitgeist, or whatever one may please to call it.

After countless ages, spent apparently in doing nothing, this Monad split into Two Principles, one active, the other passive; one positive, the other negative; light and darkness; male and female. The interaction of these Two Principles resulted in the production of all things, as we see them in the universe around us, 2,269,381 years ago. Such is the cosmogony of the Chinese in a nutshell.

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The following is a well-known colloquy between Mencius and a sophist of the day who tried to entangle the former in his talk: —

The sophist inquired, saying, “‘Is it a rule of social etiquette that when men and women pass things from one to another they shall not allow their hands to touch?’

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