Review. Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond. Theory of three-electron bond in the four works with brief comments (review). 2016.

Review. Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond. Theory of three-electron bond in the four works with brief comments (review). 2016.
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Using the concept of three-electron bond we can represent the actual electron structure of benzene and other molecules, explain specificity of the aromatic bond and calculate the delocalization energy. The aromatic bond is a three-electron bond in flat cyclic systems with a specific interaction of electrons through the cycle. In benzene formed a new type of chemical bonds – an aromatic bond, which has a multiplicity of more than 1.5 (1.66) http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych

Оглавление

Volodymyr Bezverkhniy. Review. Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond. Theory of three-electron bond in the four works with brief comments (review). 2016.

1. Introduction

2. Structure of the benzene molecule on the basis of the three-electron bond

2.1. Results and discussion

2.2. Experimental

2.3. Conclusion

3. Experimental confirmation of the existence of the three-electron bond and theoretical basis of its existence

3.1. Results and discussion

3.2. Conclusion

4. Supplement to the theoretical justification of existence of the three-electron bond1

4.1. Results and discussion

4.2. Conclusion

5. A short analysis of chemical bonds

5.1. Results and discussion

5. 2. Conclusion

6. Comments

6.1. Three-electron bond it is an existing particle (object)

6.2. Chemical bond – it is the interacting of fermions

6.3. Chemical bond – is a new indivisible particles

6.4. Alternative description of the chemical bond

6.5. Urea molecule

6.6. Oxygen

6.7. Model of the Interfering Universe

7. References

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I express my deep gratitude to my son, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich, for participation in the development of the theory (some parts as a co-author), and for his invaluable contribution to the English translation.

Abstract: Using the concept of three-electron bond we can represent the actual electron structure of benzene and other molecules, explain specificity of the aromatic bond and calculate the delocalization energy. Gives theoretical justification and experimental confirmation of existence of the three-electron bond.

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cyclobutadiene and cyclooctatetraene (three-electron bond)

As we see both in cyclobutadiene and cyclooctatetraene, electrons interacting through the cycle have the same spins and, clearly, will be repulsed, therefore there will be no interaction through the cycle and the molecule will not be aromatic. In cyclobutadiene at the expense of small distance it causes the appearance of antiaromatic properties, and in cyclooctatetraene there is a possibility of formation of non-planar molecule, where interaction of central electrons becomes impossible and molecule losing the interaction through the cycle loses also three-electron bonds, that results in a structure, in which single and double bonds alternate.

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